Jaggery (also called as Gurin India, Desiin Pakistan, Panelain Mexico and South America, Jaggery in Burma & African countries, Hakuruin Sri Lanka, and Naam Taan Oiin Thailand) and khandsariare traditional Indian sweeteners, which are produced in addition to sugar from sugarcane. . These traditional sweeteners are the natural mixture of sugar and molasses. If pure clarified sugarcane juice is boiled, what is left (usually possessing 65-85% sucrose) as solid is jaggery. Khandsari sugar is a finely granulated, crystallised sugar that contains 94-98 % sucrose
Jaggery, a product of sugarcane, is such a product which is rich in important minerals (viz Calcium-40-100 mg, Magnesium-70-90 mg, Potassium-1056 mg, Phosphorus-20-90 mg, Sodium-19-30 mg, Iron-10-13 mg, Manganese-0.2-0.5 mg, Zinc-0.2- 0.4 mg, Copper-0.1-0.9 mg, and Chloride-5.3 mg per 100 g of jaggery), vitamins (viz Vitamin A-3.8 mg, Vitamin B1-0.01 mg, Vitamin B2-0.06 mg, Vitamin B5-0.01 mg, Vitamin B6-0.01 mg, Vitamin C-7.00 mg, Vitamin D2-6.50 mg, Vitamin E-111.30 mg, Vitamin PP-7.00 mg), and protein-280 mg per 100 g of jaggery, which can be made available to the masses to mitigate the problems of mal nutrition and under nutrition
Jaggery is a natural traditional sweetener made by concentrating the extracted sugarcane juice. It is a traditional unrefined non-centrifugal sugar consumed in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. Containing all the minerals and vitamins present in sugarcane juice, it is known as healthiest sugar in the world. India is the largest producer and consumer of jaggery. Out of total world production, more than 70% is produced in India
Types Of Jaggery Available In India
- Sugarcane Jaggery
- Palm Jaggery
- Coconut Jaggery
Forms Of Jaggery
- Solid Jaggery
- Liquid Jaggery
- Powder Jaggery
Jaggery is a “natural” sweetener made by concentration of sugarcane juice without the use of any chemicals / synthetic additives or preservatives. Jaggery is a traditional accompanion to Indian meals and is also used for preparation of various sweet dishes in place of Sugar.
It contains an enormous wealth of minerals/proteins/vitamins. More importantly, Jaggery has great nutritive and medicinal value. It has the reputation of being a medicinal sugar and is prescribed for use in the Ayurvedic system of medicine.
It is made by concentrating rich, tropical sugarcane that has been fully matured.
Palm jaggery is made from the extract of Palm trees in Southern India. These trees are also known as Toddy palm trees or Palmyra trees. The Jaggery is processed from the unfermented Palmyra tree sap called Neera. It is highly priced due to its medicinal properties1.
It was originally made from the sugary sap of Palmyra Palm. The taste of palm jaggery has a chocolate like taste and contains a large number of vitamins and minerals. When compared to refined sugar, the minerals in palm jaggery still remains even the manufacturing process is completed.
It is widely used in Asia, Africa and some parts of America. It is considered as a storehouse of many minerals like Iron, magnesium, phosphorous and potassium.
Coconut Jaggery is made from the sap of coconut and date palm, the one made from sugar cane is the one that’s used most widely. Not only is gur better than white sugar–which only adds empty calories to your body–it also has a number of health benefits, including its ability to cleanse the body, aid in digestion and provide good amounts of minerals.
Forms Of Jaggery
Solid Jaggery (Cube shape) The filtered cane juice was pumped into open pans kept on triple pan furnace and heated with the begasse as fuel. The juice was clarified with herbal clarificant (deola extract @ 45 g/100 kg juice), to make light coloured Jaggery by eliminating impurities in suspension, colloidal and coloring compounds by accumulation. The juice was then boiled and concentrated to make Jaggery in desired shape and size.
Liquid Jaggery It is an intermediate product obtained during concentration of purified sugarcane juice during Jaggery making, and is semi liquid syrup like product. The quality of liquid jaggery largely depends upon quality and composition of cane juice, type of clarificants used, and striking temperature at which concentrating juice is collected. For quality liquid jaggery, the juice concentrate is removed from boiling pan, when it reaches striking point temperature of 103-106°C, depending upon the variety and agro-climatic zone. Liquid jaggery is then allowed to settle for period of 8-10 days at ambient conditions. Later after filtration, it is properly packaged in sterilized bottles.
Jaggery Powder – jaggery is further heated to reduced moisture, then jaggery becomes powdery or jaggery powder. This has the same taste and health benefits as jaggery, along with added convenience of use. Jaggery powder is the perfect substitute for white sugar. Refined sugar has empty calories and high carbohydrates. Regularly eating refined sugar can weaken the immune system and lead to several diseases. Substituting jaggery powder in tea, coffee, smoothies, desserts, and other food items will give you the same amount of sweetness and you will be getting much more nutrition than white sugar.
Medicinal properties of Jaggery
- Jaggery purifies blood One of the most popular advantages of jaggery is that it possesses the ability to purify blood. If consumed regularly, jaggery goes a long way in cleansing blood and in leaving the body healthy. It also helps in preventing different blood disorders and diseases by boosting the count of hemoglobin. Jaggery also boosts immunity and thus helps in the prevention of different blood related problems.
- Iron content Jaggery is quite rich in its content of folate and iron and therefore it helps in the prevention of anemia. Jaggery powder also offers instant energy preventing weakness and fatigue of the human body. When eaten in combination with foods that are rich in vitamin C, jaggery helps in the absorption of iron within the body.
- Mineral content Jaggery is packed with minerals and antioxidants like selenium and zinc and these help in preventing free-radical damage. These minerals and antioxidants also help in boosting the body’s resistance to different infections.
- Cosmetic benefits Jaggery proves to be highly beneficial when used for a beauty treatment. It comes loaded with several natural properties ensuring the health of the skin for a very long span of time.It is rich in its content of different minerals and vitamins and thus offers proper nourishment to the skin.
- Good for Brain Jaggery also helps in preventing major issues faced with the nervous system of the body. It contains several natural properties which are of good help in keeping the nervous system functioning properly. This in turn helps individuals in staying healthy and normal.
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